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2020年高考英语新题型:读后续写,概要写作以及大作文模板

2020-05-29 16:32 来源:网络

2020年高考英语新题型:读后续写,概要写作以及大作文模板

答:新题型“读后续写”“概要写作”是一种将原本独立的“阅读理解”与“写作”组合在一起得出的“新题型”。

一道题目,双倍难度。 

认真讲,以前英语老师会说:“得阅读者得天下”,因为阅读理解考查学生的能力最综合,得分也难。而英语作文,只要背够连接词、链接句、再来几个经典长难句,基准分是有保障的。

 

可如今的“概要写作”“读后续写”,已不再是背几十个单词,用用on the one hand......on the other hand 就可以应付了,在写作之前,先得读懂阅读材料,还得构思与原文衔接、还要用上原文所给的五个单词,然后才能续写。
2015 年 8 月,在教育部考试中心发布的《普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语科考试说明》中,提出了写作新题型:读后续写或概要写作,两种形式在不同考次不定期交替使用。读后续写作为一种全新的高考题型,于 2016 年 10 月首次在浙江英语高考卷中亮相,并用至今。

该题型已经在浙江、山东、辽宁等省份的日常考试中频繁出现,并将在2020年高考中使用。河北、江苏、北京、天津、海南、湖南、湖北、广东、福建、重庆等省份也在陆续将新题型纳入日常练习和高考考查中。
“概要写作”重点考查考生理解和呈现原文要点和准确使用词汇和语法结构的能力。要求学生客观并且简练的概括出原文,而且要保证故事的完整连贯,逻辑通顺。(这类题型相对来说比较简单;考察三方面的能力:1. 找关键词的能力;2. 把关键词写成正确句子的能力;3. 把句子写成合理的段落的能力问题4:读
读后续写主要关注学生以下四个方面的能力:①把握短文关键信息和语言特点的能力。学生需要了解所给短文的主要内容,清楚其关键词和语言结构的使用情况,并通过续写短文表现出来。②语言运用的准确性和丰富性。学生能准确、恰当地使用所学词汇和语言结构,还能够根据内容需要使用较多、较复杂的词汇和语言结构。③对语篇结构的把控能力。学生需要掌握上下文逻辑关系,所续写的短文与所给短文及段落开头语之间要有连贯性,所续写的短文内语句要连贯、有序。④创造性思维能力。学生所续写的短文要具有较丰富的内容,包含详细和生动的情景、态度和感情描述。样子?
(2018年6月浙江高考真题)

注意:1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。Paragraph 1:Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse.Paragraph 2:We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark.
问题6:读后续写评分标
得分标准
(1)与所给短文及段落开头语的衔接程度;(2)内容的丰富性和对所给关键词语的覆盖情况;(3)应用语法结构和词汇的丰富性和准确性;(4)上下文的连贯性。

扣分标准
(1)总分25分,按5个档次给分;(2)根据写作内容及语言初步定档(3)词数少于130的,扣2分;(4)单词拼写及标点符号使用情况,视其对交际的影响程度酌情考虑;(5)书写较差以致于影响交际,可酌情降低评分档次。
21-25分档的评分标准:
问题7:读后续写解题思
◆ 续写思路
和以往的高考英语命题作文不同,读后续写要求考生首先要读懂已有信息,不仅要读懂字面含义,还要厘清文章的脉络和关系。续写这篇短文时,考生需要明白故事的发展进程、前因后果、地理位置变化、人物情感等。在此基础上,考生顺着文章的思路,根据线索,发挥想象,对其后的情节进行合理预测,并用英语表达出来。同时,在组织语言时,切记使用5个以上给出的提示词。

◆ 续写分析(以上文浙江省真题为例)
已知线索:去西部荒野——体验农场生活——骑马去森林(父亲带作者去“西部荒野”,喂鸡牧羊,体验农场生活;见父亲和叔叔骑马很是潇洒,作者心生向往,于是亲身上马体验,和父亲一同骑马走向森林……)

可续写线索:迷路?找到回农场的方法?回到农场?1. 第一段所给首句“Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse.”这一句是故事发展的转折点,可从兔子出现后带来的结果入手扩展开去,可以写马受到惊吓狂奔而去,也可以写因追赶兔子而迷路,无论从何角度拓展,需注意与续写第二段首句呼应。2. 第二段所给首句“We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark.”这一句呼应前文Uncle Paul的嘱托——不要误了晚饭、不要迷路,可以从如何寻路返回入手去写续文。前文提示农场附近有河流,并且river为标有下划线的关键词语,所以可以从沿着河流回到农场的角度拓展。

◆ 续写词汇
已给提示词汇:dad,Uncle Paul,farm house,river,feed,sheep,late,track,get lost,sight话题激活词汇:情感:panic,relief,nervous,worried动作:run,cry,think to oneself环境:scenery,mountain,range,valley,river,lake,forest,sun,set,wind,blowOne possible version:

◆ 高分范例Paragraph 1:Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. Dad and I found it was so cute that we decided to chase it. After a while, we were completely lost in the forest. There was nothing left in oursight but the trees. “We may not be able to make it back to the farm house in time for supper.” I thought to myself. After a series of fruitless attempts to find a way out, we felt hungry and tired.

Paragraph 2:We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark. We got stuck in the forest. And an unexpected shower added to the difficulty of us in finding a way home, for all the tracks we had made disappeared because of the rain. I was almost on the edge of breaking down when my father said, “Don’t worry, my son. I remember there is a river near the farm house. Find the river and we will be back home.” Finally, we found the river and got back to the house along it. Needless to say, we ate alate dinner.

“读后续写”重点考查考生所写短文与原文及所给段落开头语的衔接程度、内容的丰富性和文字语句使用的准确性。

“读后续写”备考攻略
(1)精读文章,确定文章线索。每篇文章都有各自独特的写作思路,通过精读文章考试说明中的样题是记叙文,所以可以推测,考察的主要类型是记叙文,所以下边的方法才成立,找到该篇文章的写作线索,例如什么人(who)什么时间(when)在什么地方(where)因为什么(why)做了什么事儿(what),最后有了什么发展(how)。这样分析有利于考生“顺藤摸瓜”。(2)仔细审题,明确续写要求。一般短文后面的“注意”都有对此短文续写的具体要求,如字数限制、使用几处下划线关键词语、续写段落的首句提示,这样考生能做到“心中有数”。(3)回扣原文,揣摩续写思路。根据文章后面的要求,再次快速回读短文,抓住文章的思路,结合段首的提示语,最终确定续写段落的思路,同时结合文章划线词语提示,确定续写段落的内容。(4)拟写草稿,修改错词病句。在确定了思路和内容之后,最关键的就是结合提示语或者文中划线的关键词语拟写草稿。拟写时,注意句子结构的多样性、语言的丰富性,并通过句与句之间连接词的正确使用,使上下文连贯。这一步是得分的关键。必杀技:使用2-5个动作描写,1-2个环境描写,1-2个对话,1-2个表情或者心情。例如:Paragraph 1:Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. Dad and I found it was so cute that we decided to chase it(动作一). After a while, we were completely lost in the forest. (连接词+ 动作二)There was nothing left in oursight but the trees. (环境)“We may not be able to make it back to the farm house in time for supper.” I thought to myself.(对话,直言自语) After a series of fruitless attempts to find a way out, we felt hungry and tired.(动作三+ 心情表情)Paragraph 2:We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark. We got stuck in the forest(动作一). And an unexpected shower added to the difficulty of us in finding a way home, for all the tracks we had made disappeared because of the rain(环境). I was almost on the edge of breaking down(心情表情)when my father said, “Don’t worry, my son. I remember there is a river near the farm house. Find the river and we will be back home.”(对话) Finally, we found the river and got back to the house along it. Needless to say, we ate alate dinner.(动作二老师有话说:方法不难,积累是关键。应注意积累记叙文和故事类篇章中的词汇、句型和语段,尤其是涉及故事细节描写和人物的表情、动作、心理活动等的表达,丰富自己的记叙文类英文语料库。

(5)标出续写部分中使用到的原材料中标有下划线的关键词语。这一点可以帮助考生检查关键词语的使用情况并根据情况做出修改。最后在誊写文字时,务必做到“字迹工整、清晰”。

步骤1:阅读文章,找到核心词句。

【1】Parents everywhere praise their kids. (错误论点)Jenn Berman, author of The A to Z Guide to Raising Happy and Confident Kids,says, "We've gone to the opposite extreme of a few decades ago when parents tended to be more strict." (名人论据)By giving kids a lot of praise, parents think they're building their children's confidence, when, in fact(此词一出,前后相反), it may be just the opposite. (转折,说明后文中药)Too much praise can backfire and, when given in a way that's insincere, make kids afraid to try new things or take a risk for fear of not being able to stay on top where their parents' praise has put them.    (核心结论,简而言之:Too much praise can backfire

 

2Still, don't go too far in the other direction. (论点:Too little praise is damaging)Not giving enough praise can be just as damaging as giving too much. (论据一)Kids will feel like they're not good enough or that you don't care and, as a result, may see no point in trying hard for their accomplishments.(论据二(来源:gaokaoyingyu 150

 

3So what is the right amount of praise? (问句引出话题)Experts say that the quality of praise is more important than the quantity.(论点,但是quality,quantity不够具体,所以可以把quality,替代为:sincere,focus on effort【论据一】,process【论据二】;quantity代替为:outcome【论据一】,end【论据二】)If praise is sincere and focused on the effort not the outcome, you can give it as often as your child does something that deserves a verbal reward." (论据一)We should especially recognize our children's efforts to push themselves and work hard to achieve a goal, "says Donahue, author ofParenting Without Fear: Letting Go of Worry and Focusing on What Really Matters. "One thing to remember is that it's the process not the end product that matters."(论据二

 

4Your son may not be the best basketball player on his team. But if he's out there every day and playing hard, you should praise his effort regardless of whether his team wins or loses. Praising the effort and not the outcome can also mean recognizing your child when she has worked hard to clean the yard, cook dinner, or finish a book report. (论据)But whatever it is, praise should be given on a case-by-case basis and be proportionate(相称的)to the amount of effort your child has put into it. (结论,主句作用大于从句,核心词,effort(来源:gaokaoyingyu150

 

步骤二:形成句子:

1. Parents everywhere praise their kids.

2. Too much and too little praise can be damaging.

3. Parents should be sincere and focus on the process.

4. Parents should give praise to rhe efforts their kids put into the process.

 

步骤三:形成段落:

参考答案:Parents tend to go to extremes when it comes to praising their kids. (要点一) Yet, both too much and too little praise can be equally damaging. (要点二) When giving praise, parents should be sincere and concentrate on the process instead of the result. (要点三) Similarly, they ought to give praise for how much effort their kids have invested in the work they’re involved in. (要点四)

高考英语大作文模板

考研英语(一)的大作文写作主要考察图画作文的形式。

以下的功能句,既能用于整篇作文的开篇,亦可用于第二、三段的写作。而这些功能句通过逻辑关系排序、连接起来其实就组合成一篇作文。

1.  功能表达:……值得关注

· 表示某事值得关注be worth doing/n.

This picture is particularly worth concern for the reason that the painter focuses his eyesight on the contemporary family education in China.

这幅图片很值得关注,因为画家关注当代中国家庭教育。

 

This phenomenon / tendency is particularly worth concern for the reason that young people focus only on stars’ fashionable but superficial lifestyles, ignoring the significant virtues of stars.

这种现象/趋势很值得关注,因为年轻人只关注了明星时尚但肤浅的生活方式,忽略了明星身上的美德。

 

This movie is particularly worth watching.

这部电影很值得观看。

 

These drawings can be naturally associated with two different attitudes toward books.  (2017)

这样的图片能自然联系到对书的两种不同态度。

2. 现象

A host of youngsters, in the contemporary society,  are fascinated with various stars. (A case in point is the picture, in which …)

在当今社会,很多年轻人对各种各样的明星着迷(下图就是两个例子)。

 

A host of people, in the contemporary society, purchased a considerable number of books, but scarcely have they read books.

在当今社会,很多人买了很多书,但几乎不读书。

3. 突出特征

This cartoon is best characterized by the negative and positive impacts of cell phone upon the contemporary life. (In the drawing, …)

这个图片突出的特征体现在手机对现代生活的积极和消极影响(在图中……)

 

· 用于二、三段Many successful people are characterized by their confidence, optimism, diligence, enthusiasm for books, cooperative spirit, perseverance …

很多成功者的典型特征就是他们的自信、乐观、勤奋、对读书的热爱、合作精神、持之以恒……

4. 比喻

Cooperationcan be likened to a journey, leading to success. (A typical example is thepicture, in which …)

合作能被比喻成一条路,通向成功。(例如下图中……)

 

Cultural communication, to my understanding, can be likened to a bridge, which links China and the world.

在我看来,文化交流能被比喻成一座桥,连接中国和世界。

5.号召

Confidence, as avital quality, brings us hope, arouses our enthusiasm for success and helps usto conquer difficulties.

作为一种重要的品质,自信带给我们希望,唤起我们队成功的热情,帮助我们战胜困难。

 

模拟1:明星代言广告(精神品质)

Directions:

Write an essay of 160---200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain it’s intended meaning, and

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20points)

【参考范文】

    Such a picture can be naturally associated with a host of dishonest advertisements. In front of a photographer stands a star, holing a bottle of medicines and claiming that “I have tried and it is effective!”. Obviously, we can notice a secret scenario, which is that the manufacturer of the drug is payingfor his advertisement fees.    Today, an increasing number of stars advertise forvarious products on TVs, radios, the Internet and newspapers. This trend is particularly worth concern for the reason that some manufacturers and celebrities focus much eyesight on profits, ignoring the quality of products. It is their dishonest behaviors that lead the public to be cheated. To my understanding, honesty can be likened to a bridge, which helps many companies to gain customers. As a vital virtue, honesty brings corporations good credit, arouses their enthusiasm for better service and helps them to create better market. Unfortunately, many false ads or promises have constituted an obstacle that hinders public’s trust for some brands.

    As a customer, I am convinced that it is of nonecessity for stars or manufacturers to exaggerate their goods in media. Meanwhile, the society as a whole should forge a wholesome atmosphere to refuse, criticize and restrain false ads.

模拟2:乘客素质(公共美德)

Directions:

Write an essay of 160---200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain it’s intended meaning, and

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20points)

【参考范文】   In a bus, there is a young lady, standing besides anaged grandma, holding the elderly and saying to a young man: “Please give your seat to this grandma!” Although the grandma is aged, she has to stand in the bus, with the youngster sitting in seat. Simple as the drawing is, the phenomenon is not uncommon in society.   Evidently the intended meaning of the painter is worthspecial concern. To begin with, in public places, every one should be encouraged to behave in good and polite manners. It is noticeable that some young people, like the young man above who lacks the necessary publicawareness, disturb the normal order of public places. What’s more, the traditional moral values should be enhanced. To respect the elderly and take care of the young is one of traditional virtues in China. However, some youngpeople, being selfish, turn a blind eye to these virtues. Their behaviors, consequently, impair the healthy development of our society. In one word, we should make deep reflection on our own deeds.

    Accordingly, necessary measures should be immediately taken. Firstly, an education campaign should be launched to inform people of the acceptable and civilized manners in public places. Secondly, we should educate, advocate and encourage all youngsters or teenagers to love, respect and care senior citizens all the time.

 

 

「考研英语(二)」

考研英语(二)的大作文写作主要考察图表作文的形式。

图表作文的首段主要为“数据描述”,主要体现在两种形式:相同事物写变化(动态)+不同事物写对比(静态)。二三段内容比较灵活,写作时可以从现象、原因、危害、建议等多个角度展开分析。

1. 图表综述

Given is a column chart which clearly illustrates the striking contrasts in the subscription of cell phones between developing and developed nations from 2000 to 2008.

所给的是一个柱状图,向我们清晰展示了发展中国家和发达国家在2000年和2008年之间在手机购买量之间的明显的差异。

 

These are two line graphs that clearly demonstrates the close relation between illegal hunting and the extinction of species in a certain region of west China from 1963 to 2003.

所给的两个线状图,清晰展示了从1963年到2003年之间中国西部某地区偷猎和物种灭绝之间的密切联系。

 

There is a column chart which clearly illustrates the striking contrasts in the consumption of residents during the Spring Festival in a certain city of China.

所给是一幅柱状图,清晰展示了中国某城市居民春节消费方面的对比。

2. 数据上升

During the first 7years, the number of cell phones subscribed by developed nations showed as light increase, from 0.6 billion to 0.9 billion.

在最初的七年中,发达国家的手机购买量呈现出轻微上涨,即从6亿到9亿。

 

Since then, it surged remarkably, reaching the peak at 4 billion in 2008.

自此之后,数据开始飙升,最终在2008年达到了40亿的峰值。

3. 数据稳定

The number / It maintained stable at 1 billion in 2007 and 2008.

2007年和2008年,数据稳定在10亿。

4. 占比/排序

The expense on gifts for the New Year is the largest proportion, accounting for 40%. Then the next are fees on transportation and gathering dinners, with the same 20%.

新年礼物的花销是最大的比重,达到了40%,紧随其后的是交通和聚餐,都占了20%。

 

Finally comes the total expenditure on others, at 20%.

最后出现的是其他所有花费的综合,20%。

5. 图表联系主旨

Such a scenario can be naturally associated with the speedy advancement of cell phone industry in the world. But what resulted in the differences above? At least two reasons can account for this phenomenon.

这样的场景能自然联系到世界手机产业的迅速发展。但什么导致了以上差异?在我看来,至少两个原因可以解释这种现象。

 

Such a scene can be naturally associated with the popularity / significance / fierce competition ….

这种场景能自然联系到…的流行/重要性/激烈竞争。

模拟1:人口老龄化

Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, your should

(1) interpret the chart, and

(2) give your comment.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET 2.

Categories of Books

Percentage of Book Circulation in the Library

Popular Fiction

65.9%

General Nonfiction

18.2%

Science and Technology

10.8%

Art, Literature and Poetry

5.1%

 

【参考范文】

   This is a table, which clearly demonstrates the striking contrasts among the book circulations of four categories in a certain library. Overall, the circulation of popular fiction shows the highest percentage, which reaches 65.9%. Then, the next is general nonfiction, with 18.2% followed by the circulation of science and technology books, at 10.8%. Finally come the circulation of books of art, literature and poetry, with 5.1%.

    To my best understanding, there are several reasons accounting for these differences. To begin with, popular fictions are usually characterized by their colorful plots, romantic love or humorous language style, which attract a host of youngsters and enable readers to relive pressure from academic pursuit. In addition, compared with popular fictions, professional books of science and technology, art, literature and poetry aremore difficult to understand; thus, only a small proportion of students majoring in these fields need to borrow related books from the library.    As a college student, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for young people to read not only popular fictions, but also other books. No matter what you read, books always bring us knowledge, arouse our enthusiasm for study and help us to enhance ourselves.


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